Climate change is a global problem but will affect, and is affecting, some countries more than others. India is particularly vulnerable and is already starting to feel the effects of higher temperatures, more erratic rainfall, increased run-off, rising sea levels, more extreme weather events and glacial melt.
All these changes make it increasingly difficult for India to increase food security, reduce poverty, provide adequate housing, and improve the health of its citizens. To help deal with these challenges, ACT is working with India’s policy makers and planners through the Climate Change Innovation Programme (CCIP) of the UK Department for International Development (DFID).
How is CCIP working in India?
Since September 2014, ACT has been working through CCIP to strengthen India’s resilience in the face of climate change. Specifically, ACT is helping the Indian government at central, state and local level to build its capacity for addressing climate change issues and integrating responsive developments into its policy, plans and programmes.
A major focus of ACT’s work in India is supporting the preparation and implementation of State Action Plans on Climate Change (SAPCC). Through CCIP, ACT is helping state governments in India to develop SAPCC that align state priorities and plans with policy set out in the National Action Plan on Climate Change (NAPCC), released by the Indian prime minister in 2008.
Using a three-pronged approach
ACT is working in three main areas to help make sure that India’s climate change policies and plans are robust and effective. Firstly, it is helping Indian state governments refine their SAPCC. Through CCIP, ACT will ensure that appropriate institutional arrangements are in place at national and state level, that there are cross-sector links within the planning and implementation process, and that state-level actions are aligned with national priorities through a common framework.
Secondly, ACT is supporting state governments in the implementation of SAPCC, and enabling any lessons learnt to be fed back into the planning process.
Thirdly, ACT is facilitating the creation, exchange and dissemination of knowledge between and within government departments. In this respect, the programme will generate lessons on climate change planning, future scaling up, effective implementation, and monitoring and evaluation. Areas of focus will include India’s eight ‘national missions’, other initiatives envisaged under the NAPCC, and state-specific activities identified in respective SAPCC.
Climate change affects everyone – and combating its effects involves everyone too. It is therefore essential that a wide range of stakeholders are engaged in India’s plans to deal with and adapt to climate change impacts. To this end, ACT is facilitating the involvement of all sectors of society and government in order to achieve interdepartmental coordination, public–private partnerships, civil society action, and the engagement of financial institutions, the media and elected representatives.
ACT is providing support not only for India’s planning process, but also for leveraging resources to ensure the delivery of tangible outcomes. And it is targeting those outcomes to vulnerable rural populations in six Indian states: Bihar, Orissa, Assam, Chhattisgarh, Maharashtra and Kerala. ACT has established offices in these six states (visit our website for details). Building on these activities, ACT aims to make sure any lessons learnt are used to the benefit of rural people in other states throughout India.